RESEARCH

COMPUTER VISION

Understanding Deep Networks via Extremal Perturbations and Smooth Masks

October 20, 2019

Abstract

The problem of attribution is concerned with identifying the parts of an input that are responsible for a model's output. An important family of attribution methods is based on measuring the effect of perturbations applied to the input. In this paper, we discuss some of the shortcomings of existing approaches to perturbation analysis and address them by introducing the concept of extremal perturbations, which are theoretically grounded and interpretable. We also introduce a number of technical innovations to compute extremal perturbations, including a new area constraint and a parametric family of smooth perturbations, which allow us to remove all tunable hyper-parameters from the optimization problem. We analyze the effect of perturbations as a function of their area, demonstrating excellent sensitivity to the spatial properties of the deep neural network under stimulation. We also extend perturbation analysis to the intermediate layers of a network. This application allows us to identify the salient channels necessary for classification, which, when visualized using feature inversion, can be used to elucidate model behavior. Lastly, we introduce TorchRay, an interpretability library built on PyTorch.

Download the Paper

AUTHORS

Written by

Andrea Vedaldi

Ruth Fong

Mandela Patrick

Publisher

ICCV

Research Topics

Computer Vision

Related Publications

April 18, 2024

COMPUTER VISION

Imagine Flash: Accelerating Emu Diffusion Models with Backward Distillation

Jonas Kohler, Albert Pumarola, Edgar Schoenfeld, Artsiom Sanakoyeu, Roshan Sumbaly, Peter Vajda, Ali Thabet

April 18, 2024

March 20, 2024

COMPUTER VISION

SceneScript: Reconstructing Scenes With An Autoregressive Structured Language Model

Armen Avetisyan, Chris Xie, Henry Howard-Jenkins, Tsun-Yi Yang, Samir Aroudj, Suvam Patra, Fuyang Zhang, Duncan Frost, Luke Holland, Campbell Orme, Jakob Julian Engel, Edward Miller, Richard Newcombe, Vasileios Balntas

March 20, 2024

February 13, 2024

GRAPHICS

COMPUTER VISION

IM-3D: Iterative Multiview Diffusion and Reconstruction for High-Quality 3D Generation

Luke Melas-Kyriazi, Iro Laina, Christian Rupprecht, Natalia Neverova, Andrea Vedaldi, Oran Gafni, Filippos Kokkinos

February 13, 2024

January 25, 2024

COMPUTER VISION

LRR: Language-Driven Resamplable Continuous Representation against Adversarial Tracking Attacks

Felix Xu, Di Lin, Jianjun Zhao, Jianlang Chen, Lei Ma, Qing Guo, Wei Feng, Xuhong Ren

January 25, 2024

Help Us Pioneer The Future of AI

We share our open source frameworks, tools, libraries, and models for everything from research exploration to large-scale production deployment.