COMPUTER VISION

ML APPLICATIONS

Making Heads or Tails: Towards Semantically Consistent Visual Counterfactuals

July 18, 2022

Abstract

A visual counterfactual explanation replaces image regions in a query image with regions from a distractor image such that the system's decision on the transformed image changes to the distractor class. In this work, we present a novel framework for computing visual counterfactual explanations based on two key ideas. First, we enforce that the replaced and replacer regions contain the same semantic part, resulting in more semantically consistent explanations. Second, we use multiple distractor images in a computationally efficient way and obtain more discriminative explanations with fewer region replacements. Our approach is 27% more semantically consistent and an order of magnitude faster than a competing method on three fine-grained image recognition datasets. We highlight the utility of our counterfactuals over existing works through machine teaching experiments where we teach humans to classify different bird species. We also complement our explanations with the vocabulary of parts and attributes that contributed the most to the system's decision. In this task as well, we obtain state-of-the-art results when using our counterfactual explanations relative to existing works, reinforcing the importance of semantically consistent explanations. Source code is available at https://github.com/facebookresearch/visual-counterfactuals.

Download the Paper

AUTHORS

Written by

Deepti Ghadiyaram

Dhruv Mahajan

Filip Radenovic

Simon Vandenhende

Publisher

ECCV

Research Topics

Computer Vision

Core Machine Learning

Related Publications

March 20, 2024

COMPUTER VISION

SceneScript: Reconstructing Scenes With An Autoregressive Structured Language Model

Armen Avetisyan, Chris Xie, Henry Howard-Jenkins, Tsun-Yi Yang, Samir Aroudj, Suvam Patra, Fuyang Zhang, Duncan Frost, Luke Holland, Campbell Orme, Jakob Julian Engel, Edward Miller, Richard Newcombe, Vasileios Balntas

March 20, 2024

February 13, 2024

GRAPHICS

COMPUTER VISION

IM-3D: Iterative Multiview Diffusion and Reconstruction for High-Quality 3D Generation

Luke Melas-Kyriazi, Iro Laina, Christian Rupprecht, Natalia Neverova, Andrea Vedaldi, Oran Gafni, Filippos Kokkinos

February 13, 2024

January 25, 2024

COMPUTER VISION

LRR: Language-Driven Resamplable Continuous Representation against Adversarial Tracking Attacks

Felix Xu, Di Lin, Jianjun Zhao, Jianlang Chen, Lei Ma, Qing Guo, Wei Feng, Xuhong Ren

January 25, 2024

December 08, 2023

COMPUTER VISION

Learning Fine-grained View-Invariant Representations from Unpaired Ego-Exo Videos via Temporal Alignment

Sherry Xue, Kristen Grauman

December 08, 2023

Help Us Pioneer The Future of AI

We share our open source frameworks, tools, libraries, and models for everything from research exploration to large-scale production deployment.